Definitions and Terms

Gender

Denotes the public (and usually legally recognized) lived role as boy or girl, man or woman. Biological factors combined with social and psychological factors contribute to gender development.

 

Assigned gender

Refers to a person’s initial assignment as male or female at birth. It is based on the child’s genitalia and other visible physical sex characteristics.

 

Gender-atypical

Physical features or behaviors that are not typical of individuals of the same assigned gender in a given society.

 

Gender-nonconforming

Behaviors that are not typical of individuals with the same assigned gender in a given society.

 

Gender reassignment

Denotes an official (and usually legal) change of gender.

 

Gender identity

A category of social identity and refers to an individual’s identification as male, female or, occasionally, some category other than male or female. It is one’s deeply held core sense of being male, female, some of both or neither, and does not always correspond to biological sex.

 

Gender dysphoria

A general descriptive term refers to an individual’s discontent with the assigned gender. It is more specifically defined when used as a diagnosis.

 

Transgender

Refers to the broad spectrum of individuals who transiently or persistently identify with a gender different from their gender at birth. (Note: the term transgendered is not generally used.)

 

 

Transsexual

An individual who seeks, or has undergone, a social transition from male to female or female to male. In many, but not all, cases this also involves a physical transition through cross-sex hormone treatment and genital surgery (sex reassignment surgery).

 

Genderqueer

Blurring the lines around gender identity and sexual orientation. Genderqueer individuals typically embrace a fluidity of gender identity and sometimes sexual orientation.

 

Gender fluidity

Having different gender identities at different times.

 

Agendered

‘without gender,’ individuals identifying as having no gender identity.

 

Cisgender

Describes individuals whose gender identity or expression aligns with the sex assigned to them at birth.

 

Gender expansiveness

Conveys a wider, more flexible range of gender identity and/or expression than typically associated with the binary gender system.

 

Gender expression

The manner in which a person communicates about gender to others through external means such as clothing, appearance, or mannerisms. This communication may be conscious or subconscious and may or may not reflect their gender identity or sexual orientation.

 

Thank you to Psychiatry.org for the definitions.

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